Your dermatologist will perform a comprehensive skin examination in order to evaluate and diagnosis any dermatological conditions you may have. Some common dermatological conditions include:
- Acne – a skin condition which has plugged pores (blackheads and whiteheads), inflamed pustules (pimples), and nodules that most commonly appear on the face, neck, chest, back, shoulders, and upper arms.
- Actinic Keratoses (AK’s) – common skin growths characterized by dry, scaly, rough textured growths that typically appear on skin that receives the most sun including the face, forehead, scalp, ears, neck and upper chest, back, arms and hands, and lower legs. AK’s are considered pre-cancerous lesions. If left untreated, AK’s may turn into squamous cell carcinoma.
- Allergic Contact Dermatitis – inflamed skin that occurs when allergy causing substances come in contact with the skin. The skin reaction can include itching, redness, scaling, and blisters in severe cases.
- Alopecia Areata – Auto-immune disease that causes hair loss in men, women, and children.
- Eczema/Atopic Dermatitis – a skin disease that usually begins very early in life and is characterized by patches of dry or red, itchy skin most commonly located in the creases of the elbows or knees, neck, wrists, ankles, and the crease between the buttocks and legs. Infants may have eczema on the scalp, forehead, and cheeks.
- Melasma – a common skin condition causing brown patches on the skin. Melasma most commonly affects women and typically appears on the face.
- Psoriasis – a persistent, inflammatory skin condition that can cover large areas of the body in severe cases. There are five types of Psoriasis:
- Plaque Psoriasis – patches of raised, red skin that is covered by white scale commonly appearing on the elbows, knees, lower back, and scalp.
- Guttate Psoriasis – small red spots that typically affect children and young adults.
- Pustular Psoriasis – white pustules surrounded by red skin that commonly appears on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet.
- Inverse Psoriasis – smooth, red lesions that form in the skin folds including the armpit, under the breasts, groin, buttocks, and genitals.
- Erythrodermic Psoriasis – widespread redness with severe itching and pain.
- Rosacea – a common skin condition characterized by redness across the nose, cheeks, chin, forehead and ears, acne-like breakouts, oily skin, easily irritated skin, thin red/purple veins, bloodshot eyes, and dry, itchy, gritty feeling eyes.
- Seborrheic Dermatitis – a common skin disorder that is characterized by a red, scaly, itchy rash most commonly appearing on the scalp, sides of the nose, eyebrows, eyelids, skin behind the ears, and the middle of the chest.
- Seborrheic Keratoses (SK’S) – a benign skin growth that may start as a small, rough bump, then thicken and develop a wart like surface. SK’s are typically brown in color and range in size and can form on any part of the body except the palms of the hands or the soles of the feet.
- Solar Lentigo (Lentigines) – a benign, sun-induced freckle like lesion, also referred to as a “liver spot.”
- Vitiligo – a skin condition resulting from the loss of pigment, producing white patches of skin. This commonly occurs on the face, lips, hands, arms, legs, and genital area.
- Warts – small bumps scattered on the skin or in a cluster caused by viruses. The most commonly treated warts are common warts, plantar warts, flat warts, and genital warts.
Treatment plans for the above conditions vary by patient and by the severity of the condition. Any of our board certified dermatologists at Dermatology & Laser Associates of Medford, LLP, can diagnose, treat, and follow your dermatological conditions.